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|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Named for||Wichita people|
|• Mayor||Brandon Whipple (D)|
|• City Manager||Robert Layton|
|• City and county seat||163.59 sq mi (423.70 km2)|
|• Land||159.29 sq mi (412.56 km2)|
|• Water||4.30 sq mi (11.14 km2)|
|Elevation||1,302 ft (397 m)|
|• City and county seat||382,368|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||US: 51st|
|• Density||2,337.36/sq mi (902.450/km2)|
|• Metro||644,888 (US: 89th)|
|• CSA||672,796 (US: 74th)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
67201-67221, 67223, 67226-67228, 67230, 67232, 67235, 67260, 67275-67278
|FIPS code||20-79000 |
|GNIS ID||473862 |
Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. State of Kansas. It is the county seat of Sedgwick County. It is the 50th largest city in the United States. In 2018, the estimated number of people in Wichita was 389,255. Wichita is the main city of the Wichita metropolitan area; it had an estimated 644,888 people living there in 2018. It is in Sedgwick County, which is in the south-central part of the state.
Many parts of airplanes are made in Wichita. Wichita State University is in the city.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 People
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Infrastructure
- 11 Transportation
- 12 Sister cities
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 Other websites
- See also: History of Kansas
Archaeological evidence says that people have lived near the confluence of the Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers (where Wichita is) since 3000 B.C. In 1541, a Spanish trip led by explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado found the area populated by the Quivira (or Wichita) people. Fighting with the Osage in the 1750s forced the Wichita people further south. Before Americans came to live in the region, the area was part of the territory of the Kiowa people. The area was part of France as part of Louisiana. It was later bought by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. It became part of Kansas Territory in 1854. It became part of the state of Kansas in 1861.
The Wichita came back in 1863. They came back because they were forced to leave their land in Indian Territory by Confederate forces in the American Civil War. The Wichita people created a settlement on the banks of the Little Arkansas River.
Downtown Wichita is at elevation of 1,299 feet (396 m). Wichita is in south-central Kansas. It is at the junction of Interstate 35 and U.S. Route 54. It is part of the Midwestern United States. It is 157 mi (253 km) north of Oklahoma City, 181 mi (291 km) southwest of Kansas City, and 439 mi (707 km) east-southeast of Denver.(37.688888, −97.336111). It has an
The average temperature in the city is 56.9 °F (13.8 °C).
|Climate data for Wichita, Kansas (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1888–present)[b]|
|Record high °F (°C)||75
|Average high °F (°C)||42.5
|Average low °F (°C)||21.9
|Record low °F (°C)||−15
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.83
|Snowfall inches (cm)||3.6
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||4.7||5.4||8.2||8.0||11.4||10.0||7.3||7.9||7.0||7.0||5.3||5.7||87.9|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||3.0||2.1||1.2||0.2||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||0.6||2.8||10.0|
|Source #1: National Weather Service (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990);, The Weather Channel|
|Source #2: Weather Atlas |
|1880||4,911||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1890||23,853||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1900||24,671||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1910||52,450||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1920||72,217||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1930||111,110||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1940||114,966||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1950||168,279||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1960||254,698||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1970||276,554||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1980||279,272||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|1990||304,011||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|2000||344,284||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|2010||382,368||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|Est. 2018||389,255||||Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Gapnum' not found.%|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Wichita is the main city of both the Wichita Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Wichita-Winfield Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The Wichita MSA includes Sedgwick County, Butler County, Harvey County, and Sumner County. In 2010, 623,061 people lived there. This would make it the 84th largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Wichita's biggest industrial sector is manufacturing. Manufacturing was 21.6 percent of the employment in 2003. Aircraft manufacturing has been the main part of the local economy for a long time. It is so important, that can influence the economic health of the entire region. Kansas gives tax breaks and other incentives to aircraft manufacturers.
Healthcare is Wichita's second-biggest industry. It employs about 28,000 people in the area. Since healthcare needs remain fairly consistent regardless of the economy, this field was not subject to the same pressures that affected other industries in the early 2000s. The Kansas Spine Hospital opened in 2004. A critical care tower at Wesley Medical Center also opened in 2004. In July 2010, Via Christi Health, which is the largest provider of healthcare services in Kansas, opened a hospital that will serve the northwest area of Wichita. Via Christi Hospital on St. Teresa is the system's fifth hospital to serve the Wichita community.
Wichita is a cultural center for Kansas. It has several art museums and performing arts groups. The Wichita Art Museum is the biggest art museum in Kansas. It has over 7,000 works of art. The Ulrich Museum of Art at Wichita State University is a modern and contemporary art museum. It has over 6,300 works of art.
Music Theatre Wichita, Wichita Grand Opera, and the Wichita Symphony Orchestra perform often at the Century II Convention Hall. It is downtown. Concerts happen often by the schools of music at Wichita's two biggest universities.
Wichita has several professional, semi-professional, non-professional, and collegiate sports teams. Professional teams include the Wichita Thunder ice hockey team, the Wichita Force indoor football team, and the Wichita Wind Surge Minor League Baseball team. The city hosts the Air Capital Classic. It is a professional golf tournament of the Web.com Tour. It was first played in 1990.
|Wichita Thunder||ECHL||Ice hockey|
|Wichita Force||CIF||Indoor football|
|Wichita Wind Surge||PCL||Baseball|
|Level|| # of|
|Wichita State University||Shockers||NCAA Division I||15|
|Newman University||Jets||NCAA Division II||16|
- See also: List of mayors of Wichita, Kansas
Wichita is in Kansas's 4th U.S. Congressional District. For the Kansas Legislature, Wichita is in the 16th, 25thTemplate:Eng dash32nd districts of the Kansas Senate. It is in the 81st, 83rdTemplate:Eng dash101st, 103rd, and 105th districts of the Kansas House of Representatives.
Primary and secondary education
Wichita Public Schools (USD 259) is the largest school district in Kansas. It has over 50,000 students. It has more than 90 schools in Wichita. It includes 10 high schools, 16 middle schools, 61 elementary schools, and more than a dozen special schools and programs.
There are more than 35 private schools in Wichita.
Colleges and universities
Three universities are in Wichita. The biggest is Wichita State University (WSU). WSU has more than 14,000 students. It is the third-biggest university in Kansas. WSU's main campus is in northeast Wichita. They have other campuses around the Wichita area. Friends University is a private Christian university. It has its main campus in west Wichita. Newman University is a private Catholic university. It is also in west Wichita.
The Wichita Public Library is Wichita's library system. It has a main facility. It is called the Advanced Learning Library, and it is in Delano. It also has six locations in other neighborhoods around Wichita. The library has several free programs for the public. It includes special events, technology training classes, and programs specifically for adults, children, and families. In 2009, it had more than 1.3 million books and 2.2 million items total.
The Wichita Eagle is Wichita's major daily newspaper. It started in 1872. The Wichita Business Journal is a weekly newspaper that covers local business events and developments. Several other newspapers and magazines, many of which focus on something specific, are also published in Wichita. These include: The Community Voice, a weekly African American community newspaper; El Perico, a monthly Hispanic community newspaper; The Liberty Press, monthly LGBT news; Splurge!, a monthly local fashion and lifestyle magazine; The Sunflower, the Wichita State University student newspaper.
Wichita is the main city of the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas television market. That market covers the western two-thirds of Kansas. All of the market's network affiliates broadcast from Wichita. The ABC, CBS, CW, FOX and NBC affiliates serve the wider market through networks of other stations. The city also hosts a PBS member station, a Univision affiliate, and several low-power stations.
Wichita has had bad floods of the Arkansas River in 1877, 1904, 1916, 1923, 1944, 1951 and 1955. In 1944, Wichita flooded 3 times in 11 days. Because of the 1944 flood, Wichita built the Wichita-Valley Center Floodway in 1958. It makes the water go around Wichita.
Westar Energy gives electricity. Cox Communications and Spectrum offer cable television. AT&T U-Verse offers IPTV. Those three companies also offer home telephone and broadband internet service. Kansas Gas Service provides natural gas.
Wichita Transit has 53 buses. There are 18 bus routes in Wichita. They say there are over 2 million trips per year (5,400 trips per day) on its routes. Wichita Transit also has a paratransit service. It has 320,800 passenger trips every year.
The Wichita Airport Authority manages the city's two main public airports. The airports are Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport and Colonel James Jabara Airport. Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport is in western Wichita. It is the city's main airport. It is also the biggest airport in Kansas.
Two Class I railroads, BNSF Railway and Union Pacific Railroad (UP), operate freight rail lines through Wichita. The closest Amtrak station is in Newton. It is 25 miles (40 km) north. Amtrak offers service on the Southwest Chief line between Los Angeles and Chicago.
Wichita has not had passenger rail service since 1979.
- Cancún, Quintana Roo, Mexico - November 25, 1975
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- Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
- Official records for Wichita have been kept at various locations in and around the city from July 1888 to November 1953 and at the Mid-Continent Airport since December 1953. For more information, see Threadex
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