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2005 Atlantic hurricane season

 First storm started: June 8, 2005 Last storm ended: January 6, 2006 Strongest storm: Hurricane Wilma - 882 mbar (record), 185 mph winds Number of storms: 27 named storms (plus 1 unnamed storm) Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 7 Cost of damage: $128 billion (2005 USD)$132 billion (2006 USD) (Highest) People killed: Around 2280 people

The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 2005 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. Storms sometimes form before and after these dates but most storms form during the season. Tropical Storm Zeta Zeta began on December 30 and ended on January 6 which is after the November 30 end of the season.

2005 broke many records set. There were 28 storms that were tropical storms and 15 that were hurricanes. For the first time ever storms were named by the Greek alphabet as the normal name list had been used up. The storm which caused the most damage was Hurricane Katrina, which hit New Orleans, USA, and killed over 1000 people. The strongest storm of the season was not Katrina, it was Hurricane Wilma. Wilma was the strongest hurricane ever in the Atlantic Ocean.

Storms

2005 Atlantic hurricane season
 TS Arlene TS Bret 1 Cindy 4 Dennis
 5 Emily TS Franklin TS Gert TS Harvey
 2 Irene TD 10 TS Jose 5 Katrina
 TS Lee 3 Maria 1 Nate 1 Ophelia
 1 Philippe 5 Rita TD 19 1 Stan
 SS Unnamed TS Tammy SD 22 1 Vince
 5 Wilma TS Alpha 3 Beta TS Gamma
 TS Delta 1 Epsilon TS Zeta

Tropical Storm Arlene

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration June 8 – June 13
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  989 mbar (hPa)

The storm formed near Honduras on June 8 and moved north. It came close to western Cuba on June 10 before entering the Gulf of Mexico. Arlene strengthened just below hurricane strength before making landfall on western Florida. The storm quickly weakened while moving inland, and later became an extratropical remnant on June 13.[1]

Tropical Storm Bret

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration June 28 – June 30
Intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min),  1002 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dennis

Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 4 – July 13
Intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min),  930 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dennis was the strongest hurricane before August. Hurricane Dennis moved mostly northwestward in its track. It made landfall in Grenada, and almost made landfall in Jamaica, and also made landfall in Cuba, and Florida (United States).[4]

Hurricane Emily

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 11 – July 21
Intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min),  929 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Katrina

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 23 – August 30
Intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min),  902 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Nate

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 5 – September 10
Intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min),  979 mbar (hPa)

Nate was a category 1 hurricane. Hurricane Nate also helped Hurricane Maria kill one person in Bermuda, and another in New Jersey.

Hurricane Ophelia

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 6 – September 17
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min),  976 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Stan

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 1 – October 5
Intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min),  977 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Vince

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 8 – October 11
Intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min),  988 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Vince was a very rare hurricane. Hurricane Vince formed in the Atlantic where the water was too cold for a storm to form. It was only a hurricane for about 6 hours. The storm did something else rare, the storm made landfall in Spain. This was the first time that a "V" name had been used in the Atlantic.[14]

Hurricane Wilma

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 15 – October 25
Intensity 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min),  882 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gamma

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration November 14 – November 21
Intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min),  1002 mbar (hPa)

Gamma was a tropical storm that started in the middle of November. It crossed the Caribeann Sea and died during this time. Tropical Storm Gamma reformed north of Honduras, before it again died. The tropical storm killed about 41 people in Honduras.

Tropical Storm Delta

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration November 22 – November 28
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min),  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Delta was a strong tropical storm. It killed at least 7 people in the Canary Islands and caused about \$360 million in damage. The remains were last seen over Morocco.

Hurricane Epsilon

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration November 29 – December 8
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min),  981 mbar (hPa)

Epsilon was a rare December hurricane, the first since Hurricane Lili in 1984. Forecasters incorrectly guessed on how much time it would take for Epsilon to die. Epsilon did not come any where near land.

Tropical Storm Zeta

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration December 30 – January 6
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  994 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Zeta was the last storm of 2005. The storm formed on December 30 in cold waters of the Atlantic. Tropical Storm Zeta dissipated on January 6, 2006. It was only one of two storm to live in two different years (the other was Hurricane Alice which was in 1954 and 1955). The storm did not affect land or cause any deaths or damage.[15]

Other storms

There were also four storms in and around the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season that were not given any names: Tropical Depression Ten(10), Tropical Depression Nineteen(19), Subtropical Depression Twenty-two(22), and a subtropical storm that was not found until after it had happened. A subtropical cyclone is a storm that is not quite a tropical cyclone, but is more tropical than an extratropical cyclone.

Retirement

In the spring of 2006, Hurricane Dennis, Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, Hurricane Stan, and Hurricane Wilma were retired and replaced by Don, Katia, Rina, Sean and Whitney in 2011.

References

Tropical cyclones of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season

 A B C D E F G H I 10 J K L M N O P R 19 S Un T 22 V W Αα Ββ Γγ Δδ Εε Ζζ
 Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5