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Alexander Hamilton (born January 11, year unknown - probably 1755 or 1757–died July 12, 1804) was the United States' first Secretary of the Treasury, and was known for the creation of a national bank.
Hamilton was not born in the United States. He was from the Caribbean island of Nevis. His father was named James Hamilton and his mother was named Rachel Fawcett Lavien. Hamilton's mother had a child from a previous marriage that she left behind when she moved to Nevis. At the time, this meant that Hamilton was illegitimate since his mother and father were not legally married. He was very sensitive about this fact.
Early in the American Revolution Hamilton was an artillery officer. Later he served on George Washington's staff. In 1789 he was co-author of the Federalist Papers. After being Secretary of the Treasury he worked as a lawyer and continued to lead the Federalist Party.
Hamilton is shown on the face of the U.S. 10 dollar bill.
Hamilton is one of only two non-presidents honored on commonly used notes.
Some of Hamilton's words are still quoted. For example,
- "He who stands for nothing will fall for anything."
- "I never expect a perfect work from an imperfect man."
- "Families re-enact famous US duel". BBC News. 2004-07-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3885191.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- The other non-president honored on US money is Benjamin Franklin.
- GoodReads.com, "Alexander Hamilton Quotes"; retrieved 2012-10-9.
- Alexander Hamilton Citizendium