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Hosni Mubarak

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Hosni Mubarak
حسني مبارك
Hosni Mubarak - World Economic Forum on the Middle East 2008 edit1.jpg
Mubarak in 2008
President of Egypt
In office
14 October 1981 – 11 February 2011
Prime MinisterAhmad Fuad Mohieddin
Kamal Hassan Ali
Ali Lutfi Mahmud
Atef Sedki
Kamal Ganzouri
Atef Ebeid
Ahmed Nazif
Ahmed Shafik
Vice PresidentOmar Suleiman[a]
Preceded bySufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Succeeded byMohamed Hussein Tantawi (acting)
Mohamed Morsi[1][2][3]
Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
7 October 1981 – 2 January 1982
PresidentSufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Preceded byAnwar El Sadat
Succeeded byAhmad Fuad Mohieddin
Vice President of Egypt
In office
16 April 1975 – 14 October 1981
PresidentAnwar El Sadat
Preceded byHussein el-Shafei
Succeeded byOmar Suleiman[a]
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
16 July 2009 – 11 February 2011
Preceded byRaúl Castro
Succeeded byMohamed Hussein Tantawi (Acting)
Commander of the Air Force
In office
23 April 1972 – 16 April 1975
PresidentAnwar El Sadat
Preceded byAli Mustafa Baghdady
Succeeded byMahmoud Shaker
Director of the Egyptian Air Academy
In office
Preceded byYahia Saleh Al-Aidaros
Succeeded byMahmoud Shaker
Personal details
Born4 May 1928(1928-05-04)
Kafr-El Meselha, Kingdom of Egypt
Died25 February 2020(2020-02-25) (aged 91)
Cairo, Egypt
Political partyNational Democratic Party (1978-2011)
Spouse(s)Suzanne Thabet (1959–present)
Alma mater
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Branch/serviceAir Force Ensign of Egypt.svg Egyptian Air Force
Years of service1950–1975
RankAir Chief Marshal[c]
CommandsCairo West Air Base
Beni Suef Air Base
Egyptian Air Academy
Egyptian Air Force
a. ^ Office vacant from 14 October 1981 to 29 January 2011
b. ^ as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
c. ^ c. military rank withdrawn after trial
Hosni Mubarak

Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak (Arabic: محمد حسنى سيد مبارك; 4 May 1928 – 25 February 2020), commonly known as Hosni Mubarak (حسنى مبارك), was an Egyptian politician. He served as President of Egypt from 14 October 1981 to 11 February 2011.

Mubarak became the Vice-President of the Republic of Egypt after moving up the ranks of the Egyptian Air Force. Then he became the President after President Anwar Sadat was assassinated on 6 October 1981. His almost thirty-year presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha.[4]

As President of Egypt, Mubarak is thought to have been one of the most powerful leaders in the region. Under the 1971 Constitution of Egypt, Mubarak exercised strong control over the country and was generally considered a dictator. In 2005, he called an election and easily won it. Many opponents believed Mubarak changed the election results so he could win.

In early 2011, during the Arab Spring, there were huge protests against his government. In the end, Mubarak resigned and handed over power to the armed forces. It is hoped that elections later that year for a new government. On 2 June 2012, Mubarak was sentenced to life imprisonment for ordering the shooting of protesters in the revolution that ousted him.