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Hosni Mubarak

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Hosni Mubarak
حسني مبارك
Hosni Mubarak - World Economic Forum on the Middle East 2008 edit1.jpg
Mubarak in 2008
President of Egypt
In office
14 October 1981 – 11 February 2011
Prime Minister Ahmad Fuad Mohieddin
Kamal Hassan Ali
Ali Lutfi Mahmud
Atef Sedki
Kamal Ganzouri
Atef Ebeid
Ahmed Nazif
Ahmed Shafik
Vice President Omar Suleiman[a]
Preceded by Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Succeeded by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi (acting)
Mohamed Morsi[1][2][3]
Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
7 October 1981 – 2 January 1982
President Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Preceded by Anwar El Sadat
Succeeded by Ahmad Fuad Mohieddin
Vice President of Egypt
In office
16 April 1975 – 14 October 1981
President Anwar El Sadat
Preceded by Hussein el-Shafei
Succeeded by Omar Suleiman[a]
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
16 July 2009 – 11 February 2011
Preceded by Raúl Castro
Succeeded by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi (Acting)
Commander of the Air Force
In office
23 April 1972 – 16 April 1975
President Anwar El Sadat
Preceded by Ali Mustafa Baghdady
Succeeded by Mahmoud Shaker
Director of the Egyptian Air Academy
In office
Preceded by Yahia Saleh Al-Aidaros
Succeeded by Mahmoud Shaker
Personal details
Born 4 May 1928(1928-05-04)
Kafr-El Meselha, Kingdom of Egypt
Died 25 February 2020(2020-02-25) (aged 91)
Cairo, Egypt
Political party National Democratic Party (1978-2011)
Spouse(s) Suzanne Thabet (1959–present)
Alma mater
Military service
Allegiance Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Branch/service Air Force Ensign of Egypt.svg Egyptian Air Force
Years of service 1950–1975
Rank Air Chief Marshal[c]
Commands Cairo West Air Base
Beni Suef Air Base
Egyptian Air Academy
Egyptian Air Force
a. ^ Office vacant from 14 October 1981 to 29 January 2011
b. ^ as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
c. ^ c. military rank withdrawn after trial
Hosni Mubarak

Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak (Arabic: محمد حسنى سيد مبارك; 4 May 1928 – 25 February 2020), commonly known as Hosni Mubarak (حسنى مبارك), was an Egyptian politician. He served as President of Egypt from 14 October 1981 to 11 February 2011.

Mubarak became the Vice-President of the Republic of Egypt after moving up the ranks of the Egyptian Air Force. Then he became the President after President Anwar Sadat was assassinated on 6 October 1981. His almost thirty-year presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha.[4]

As President of Egypt, Mubarak is thought to have been one of the most powerful leaders in the region. Under the 1971 Constitution of Egypt, Mubarak exercised strong control over the country and was generally considered a dictator. In 2005, he called an election and easily won it. Many opponents believed Mubarak changed the election results so he could win.

In early 2011, during the Arab Spring, there were huge protests against his government. In the end, Mubarak resigned and handed over power to the armed forces. It is hoped that elections later that year for a new government. On 2 June 2012, Mubarak was sentenced to life imprisonment for ordering the shooting of protesters in the revolution that ousted him.