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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1670s 1680s 1690s – 1700s – 1710s 1720s 1730s|
|Years:||1700 1701 1702 – 1703 – 1704 1705 1706|
Events of 1703
- St. Petersburg becomes the capital of Russia
Events between January to June
- On February 2 an earthquake hit the town of L'Aquila, Italy.
- On February 4, in Japan, the 47 samurai (47 Ronin) commit seppuku, a ritual suicide.
- On February 14 an earthquake hits the city of Norcia, Italy.
- On February soldiers at Fort Louis de la Mobile celebrate Mardi Gras in Mobile, starting the tradition for Mobile, Alabama.
- On April 21 the Company of Quenching of Fire (i.e., a fire brigade) was started in Edinburgh, Scotland.
- May 27 was the founding of St Petersburg in Russia.
- On May 26, Portugal joins the Grand Alliance.
Events of July to December
- From July 29 to 31 Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory then imprisoned 4 months for the crime of libel, after publishing a satirical pamphlet (his release is granted mid-November).
- On September 12 the War of the Spanish Succession started in Habsburg, when Archduke Charles was proclaimed King of Spain.
- In October a whirlwind blows down the tower of the Gan Takal in Gondar, the capital of Ethiopia, killing 30 people.
- On November 19 an Unknown masked prisoner dies in Bastille.
- From November 24 to December 2 the Great Storm of 1703, an Atlantic hurricane, blowes through southern England and the English Channel, killing nearly 8000, mostly at sea.
- On December 27, Portugal and England sign the Methuen Treaty which gives preference to Portuguese imported wines into England.
- A Tale of a Tub, first major satire by Jonathan Swift, is published.
- George Psalmanazar arrives in London.
- Isaac Newton becomes the chairman of the Royal Society.
- Ahmed III (1703-1730) succeeds Mustafa II (1695-1703) as emperor of the Ottoman Empire.
|Gregorian calendar|| 1703 |
|Ab urbe condita||2456|
|Armenian calendar|| 1152 |
|English Regnal year||1 Ann. 1 – 2 Ann. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬午年十一月十四日|
— to —癸未年十一月廿四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1759–1760|
|- Shaka Samvat||1625–1626|
|- Kali Yuga||4804–4805|
|Japanese calendar|| [[Genroku|Template:Japanese era]] Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".|
(Template:Japanese eraExpression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".年)
|Minguo calendar||209 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2246|
- On February 5 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader, was born (he died in 1764)
- On March 5 (N. S.) Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, a Russian poet, was born (he died in 1768)
- On May 14 David Brearly, a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, was born (he died in 1785)
- On June 17 John Wesley, the English founder of Methodism, was born (he died in 1791)
- On June 26 Thomas Clap, the first president of Yale University was born (he died in 1767)
- On August 2 Lorenzo Ricci, the Italian Jesuit leader was born (he died in 1775)
- On September 29 François Boucher, a French painter was born (he died in 1770)
- On October 5 Jonathan Edwards, an American preacher was born (he died in 1758)
- On October 28 Antoine Deparcieux, a French mathematician was born (he died in 1768)
- On November 25 Jean-François Séguier, a French astronomer and botanist was born (he died in 1784)
- OnNovember 26 Theophilus Cibber, an English actor and writer was born (he died in 1758)
- On December 2 Ferdinand Konščak, a Croatian explorer was (he died in 1759)
- See also Category: 1703 births.
- On January 11 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic died (born 1632)
- On March 3 Robert Hooke, a very important English scientist died (born 1635)
- On March 31 Johann Christoph Bach, German composer died (born 1642)
- On April 20 Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain died (born 1632)
- On May 16 Charles Perrault, French writer died (born 1628)
- On May 26 Samuel Pepys, English civil servant and diarist died (born 1633)
- On June 14 Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer died(born 1625)
- On July 17 Roemer Vlack, Dutch naval commander died (birthdate unknown)
- On September 22 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist died (born 1622)
- On September 25 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor died (born 1658)
- On September 29 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier died (born 1610)
- On October 28 John Wallis, English mathematician died (born 1616)
- On November 19 The Man in the Iron Mask died
- On November 30 Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer died (born 1672)
- On December 28 Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (born 1664) died
- date unknown Phetracha, king of Ayutthaya died (born 1632)
- See also Category: 1703 deaths.