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Gurjar (Sanskrit:Gurjara, गुर्जर) or Gujjar (Gujari:) are a very large ethnic group of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Alternative spellings are Gujjar, Gurjara, Gujur, Veer Gurjar and Gujar. They are also related to the Kanjar tribe.
As per historical accounts parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat were known as Gurjar-bhumi or Gurjaratra prior to Mughal period in India Gurjar pratiharas acted as barrier to Arabs for around 300 centuries. However, in later times, circa the 14th century AD onwards, their hold reduced to small principalities.During 15th-16th century there were Gurjar kings in areas of Meerut and Dadri. After this time, they gradually fell into a decline. They became poor nomads and started living in jungles and forests.
- Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Achut Dattatrya Pusalker, A. K. Majumdar, Dilip Kumar Ghose, Vishvanath Govind Dighe, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (1977). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 153.
- .India: a history, John Keay, Grove Press, Page 95, 2001, ISBN 9780802137975