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Geography of the United States
The United States is the third or fourth biggest country in the world. Only Russia and Canada are bigger. If you do not count the area of the Great Lakes, China is also bigger. Its geography varies a lot. The area is about 3,717,000 square miles, or about 9,629,000 square kilometers. The highest point is Mount McKinley, Alaska and the lowest point is Death Valley, California.
- There are meadows and forests on the East Coast,
- The Appalachian Mountains in the east
- The Great Plains in the middle of the country,
- The Mississippi-Missouri river,in the middle
- The Rocky Mountains west of the plains
- Deserts and coastal areas west of the Rocky Mountains
- Forests in the Pacific Northwest
- Arctic regions of Alaska
- Volcanic islands in Hawaii
- Long coastline, many beaches
The climate varies along with the geography, from tropical (hot and wet in summer, warm and dry in winter) in Florida and Hawaii to tundra (cold all year) in Alaska. Large parts of the country have warm summers and cold winters. Most of the northern U.S. gets snow in winter. Some parts of the western United States, like parts of California, have a Mediterranean climate. The southeastern United States can get hurricanes. Parts of the southern United States are subtropical (hot in summer and cool in winter). Tornadoes happen a lot in the Midwest.
The Grand Canyon