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Oregon Trail

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Oregon Trail
Wpdms nasa topo oregon trail.jpg
Location Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon
Established 1978
Governing body National Park Service

People traveled on the Oregon Trail in wagons in order to settle new parts of the United States of America during the 19th century.[1] The Oregon Trail started in Missouri near the area where Kansas City, Missouri is today and ended in the Willamette Valley in Oregon.

People went to Oregon for many reasons. Some people wanted land. Some thought Oregon would be a great place to live. Most of them went because they wanted a new life.

Most wagons were pulled by oxen. Some were pulled by mules, and a few were pulled by horses.

The Oregon Trail was first traveled around 1841. Once a railroad was built across the United States in 1869, people could take trains to the western United States, so fewer people began to travel west in wagons.

Computer game

In the 1970s, three student teachers in Minnesota made an educational computer game based on the Oregon Trail. The goal of the game was to successfully travel the trail from Independence, Missouri to Oregon City, Oregon. Dangers of the trail included river crossings, illnesses, sick oxen, and hunger. Over the next two decades, new versions of the game were made that added more options and included better graphics.


  1. Oregon Trail, Death on the Trail. The Oregon Trail: From Wyoming Tales and Trails. Retrieved September 12, 2008.