2014 Winter Olympics

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is the 22nd Games of the Winter Olympics. It is an international winter sports event that was held from February 7 to February 23, 2014. The host city was Sochi in Russia. It was chosen on July 4, 2007, during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) meeting in Guatemala City, Guatemala.[1] This was Russia's first time hosting the Winter Olympics (the Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow though). These were also the first winter games in a subtropical city.

XXII Olympic Winter Games
Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics official logo
Host citySochi, Russia
MottoHot. Cool. Yours.
(Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои., Zharkie. Zimnie. Tvoi)
Events98 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening7 February
Closing23 February
Opened by
StadiumFisht Olympic Stadium
Vancouver 2010 PyeongChang 2018
London 2012 Rio 2016


Fifteen winter sports were played in the 2014 Winter Olympics program. Sports included were ones that are generally played in the winter. They include skiing, ice skating, ice hockey, and curling. A total of twelve new events was contested to make it the largest Winter Olympics to date.[2] The following sports were played:


Most of the stadiums will be built at a place called Sochi Olympic Park near the Black Sea coast All of the venues(stadiums) being used are new. The venues are near each other. This will provide a great compactness of the concept with the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics will be gathered within walking distance.

  • Bolshoy Ice Dome – ice hockey (final), 12,000 spectators
  • Shayba Arena – ice hockey, 7,000 spectators
  • Adler Arena Skating Center – speed skating, 8,000 spectators
  • Iceberg Skating Palace – figure skating, short track speed skating, 12,000 spectators
  • Ice Cube Curling Center – curling, 3,000 spectators
  • Fisht Olympic Stadium – ceremonies (opening/closing) 40,000 spectators[13]
  • Main Olympic village- where the athletes sleep
  • International broadcasting centre and main press room

Hoewever, some parts of the Olympics, mainly skiing and snowboarding, will take place away from the main area. These events will take place at Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster)

  • Laura Biathlon & Ski Complex – Biathlon, Cross-country skiing
  • Rosa Khutor Extreme Park – Freestyle skiing and Snowboarding
  • Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort – Alpine skiing
  • Sliding Center Sanki – Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton
  • RusSki Gorki Jumping Center – Ski jumping and Nordic combined (both ski jumping and Cross-country Skiing on a 2 km route around the arena)

Rosa Khutor Plateau Olympic Village

Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony of the Games was held on 7 February 2014. It was held from 20:14 to 23:02 local time.[3] The Games were officially opened by Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia. There was an audience of about 40,000 people.[4] The performance part of the ceremony was mainly about Russian classical music.[5] The pop duo t.A.T.u performed as well.

The site of the opening ceremony was Fisht Olympic Stadium. This was built just for the games. It will be used only for the opening and closing ceremonies.[6]


In 2013, a law against 'homosexual propaganda' was made in Russia. Cher chose not to perform at the Winter Olympics because of the law.[7] On 27 January 2014, the mayor of Sochi said that there are no gay people living in Sochi.[8] On the first day of the Olympics, 7 February 2014, four gay rights activists were arrested in St Petersburg, including one pregnant woman.[9]

Incidents and threats

Organizers received several threats prior to the Games. In a July 2013 video release, Chechen Islamist commander Dokka Umarov called for attacks on the Games, stating that the Games were being staged "on the bones of many, many Muslims killed ...and buried on our lands extending to the Red Sea."

Threats were received from the group Vilayat Dagestan, which had claimed responsibility for the Volgograd bombings under the demands of Umarov, and a number of National Olympic Committees had also received threats via e-mail, threatening that terrorists would kidnap or "blow up" athletes during the Games. However, while the IOC did state that the letters "[contained] no threat and appears to be a random message from a member of the public", the U.S. ski and snowboarding teams hired a private security agency to provide additional protection during the Games.


  1. "Olympic News - Official Source of Olympic News". International Olympic Committee. 11 February 2019.
  2. "Rogge announces three new disciplines for Sochi 2014". Russia Today. TV-Novosti. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  3. Inez Torre; Matthew Knight (31 October 2013). "Sochi 2014: Winter Olympic venues". CNN. Retrieved 10 February 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. Dion Dassanayake (February 7, 2014). "Winter Olympics: Opening ceremony for Sochi 2014 kicks off with a bang". Daily Express. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  5. Faith Karimi; Michael Martinez (February 7, 2014). "Sochi 2014 begins with teams, classical music and a flying girl". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 10 February 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Owen Gibson (February 7, 2014). "Sochi 2014 opening ceremony: Ernst delivers disco-led paean to the past". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2014/feb/07/sochi-2014-opening-ceremony-ernst-disco-paean-to-past. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  7. "Cher Snubs Anti-Gay Russia: Pop diva turns down chance to headline Sochi Olympics opening ceremony" – via www.youtube.com.
  8. "Sochi mayor claims there are no gay people in Sochi". sports.yahoo.com.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09. Retrieved 2014-02-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

  Olympic Games
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1912, (1916), 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014Rio 2016Pyeongchang 2018Tokyo 2020

Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games

  Youth Olympic Games
Summer Games: 2010, 2014, 2018
Winter Games: 2012, 2016
Singapore 2010Innsbruck 2012Nanjing 2014