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2016 Summer Olympics
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The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad is a major international sports and cultural event. A host city was announced in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. It will be in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The 2016 Summer Paralympics will also be held in the same city and organized by the same organizing committee.
Possible host cities
The bidding process for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games began on May 16, 2007. Each city had to submit an initial application to the IOC before September 13, 2007, saying they plan to make a bid. Completed official bids were submitted by each applicant city by January 14, 2008. The final candidate cities were shortlisted in June 2008, and the final selection was made by the full IOC membership, on October 2, 2009, in Copenhagen, Denmark.
The two new sports for 2016 Olympic Games are golf and rugby sevens (a seven-player version of rugby union). There were two open spots for sports and initially seven sports began the bidding for inclusion in the 2016 program.
An ongoing outbreak of the mosquito-borne Zika virus in Brazil has raised fears regarding its potential impact on athletes and visitors. Organizers plan to perform daily inspections of Olympic venues to prevent puddles of stagnant water that allow mosquitoes to breed.
- See also: Olympic medal table
This is the table of the medal count of the 2016 Summer Olympics, based on the medal count of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). These rankings sort by the number of gold medals, earned by a National Olympic Committee (NOC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IOC Country Code. Although this information is provided by the IOC, the IOC itself does not recognize or endorse any ranking system.
The 2016 Summer Olympic program featured 28 sports with 41 disciplines, and a total of 306 events, tentatively resulting in 306 medal sets to be distributed. Athletes from 87 countries won medals, and 59 of them won at least one gold medal. Both of these categories set new records. 120 countries did not win a medal.
Two gold medals were awarded for a first-place tie in the women's 100 metre freestyle swimming event. No silver medal was awarded as a consequence.
Three silver medals were awarded for a second-place tie in the men's 100 metre butterfly swimming event. No bronze medal was awarded as a consequence.
In boxing (13 disciplines), judo (14), taekwondo (8), and wrestling (18), two bronze medals are awarded in each event (53 additional bronze medals total). Additionally, two bronze medals were awarded for a third-place tie in the women's 100 metre backstroke swimming and in the men's K-1 200 metres canoeing events.
Host nation (Brazil)
Changes in medal standings
On 18 August 2016, Kyrgyz weightlifter Izzat Artykov was stripped of his bronze medal in the men's 69 kg event after testing positive for strychnine. Luis Javier Mosquera of Colombia, who had been the fourth-place finisher before Artykov's disqualification, was moved into third place.
- See also: Olympic medal
The design for the Olympic medals for the 2016 Summer Olympics featured the largest medals in terms of diameter of any medal presented at the Olympics. The golds are purer than any presented at all preceding Olympics. The silvers were made from recycling mirrors, solder, and X-ray plates. Much of the copper used in the bronzes came from recycling waste from the mint that minted the medals. The obverse of the medals features Nike, the Greek goddess of victory.
The top ten listed NOCs by number of gold medals are listed below. Host nation Brazil finished in 13th place with 7 gold, 6 silver and 6 bronze, a total of 19 medals.
In June 2008, these cities were not chosen to continue:
- "Rio wins right to host the 2016 Olympics". http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20091002/ap_on_sp_ol/oly2016_bids;_ylt=Ai9kyLQT04YP0iIglXeO4hQEtbAF.
- "2016 Bid Process Launched". International Olympic Committee. 16 May 2007. http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=2157.
- Bellandi, Deanna (2007-05-16). "IOC rules mean change in Chicago's Olympic logo". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/2007-05-16-474334623_x.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
- www.olympic org Olympic Charter, p.99
- Shipley, Amy (25 August 2008). "China's Show of Power". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/24/AR2008082400851_pf.html. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Rio Olympics 2016:Izzat Artykov stripped of weightlifting bronze - BBC.com
- "Rio 2016: Weightlifting: Men's 69kg Schedule & Results". Rio 2016. https://www.rio2016.com/en/weightlifting-mens-69kg-group-a. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- CAS AD 16/07 International Olympic Committee v. Izzat Artykov
- "Olympics Primetime". Rio 2016. CBC. 11 August 2016.
- "Innovative Medal Design Unveiled For Rio 2016". Olympics. 2016. https://www.olympic.org/news/innovative-medal-design-unveiled-for-rio-2016.
| Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1912, (1916), 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028|
|Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022|
| Athens 2004 — Turin 2006 — Beijing 2008 — Vancouver 2010 — London 2012 — Sochi 2014 — Rio 2016 — Pyeongchang 2018 — Tokyo 2020|
Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games
|Youth Olympic Games|
|Summer Games: 2010, 2014, 2018|
| Winter Games: 2012, 2016|
| Singapore 2010 — Innsbruck 2012 — Nanjing 2014|