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2012 Summer Olympics



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Games of the XXX Olympiad
Host city London, United Kingdom
Nations participating 67 (qualified)
204 (estimated)
Athletes participating 849 (qualified)
10,500 (estimated)
Events 300 in 26 sports
Opening ceremony July 27
Closing ceremony August 12
Officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II
Stadium Olympic Stadium
A London 2012 Olympics banner at The Monument in London.

The 2012 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXX Olympiad, were held in London, United Kingdom from 27 July to 12 August 2012, followed by the 2012 Paralympic Games from 29 August to 9 September.

London became the first city to host the modern Olympic Games three times; London also hosted the 1908 Summer Olympics and the 1948 Summer Olympics.

The bidding process

By the bid submission deadline of 15 July 2003, nine cities had submitted bids to host the 2012 Olympics. These cities were Havana, Istanbul, Leipzig, London, Madrid, Moscow, New York, Paris, and Rio de Janeiro.

On 18 May 2004 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) reduced the number of cities to five: London, Madrid, Moscow, New York, and Paris.

The IOC inspection team visited the five candidate cities during February and March of 2005.

On 6 June 2005, the International Olympic Committee released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities. Although these reports did not contain any scores or rankings, the evaluation report for Paris was seen as the most positive, followed closely by London.

During the process, many thought Paris was most likely to win the nomination, largely because this was its third bid in recent years. In late August 2004, reports came out predicting a London and Paris tie in the 2012 bid.[1]

On 6 July 2005, London was announced as the winner of the bid at the Raffles City Convention Centre in Singapore.

The Games

Athletes from 204 National Olympic Countries took part. [2] In addition, four individual athletes competed under the Olympic flag -- one from South Sudan and three from the region of the former Netherlands Antilles[3]

Participating nations

Listed below are NOCs who have qualified at least one athlete. As of 7 June 2011, 101 nations have qualified at least one athlete.

Medal table

Sports

The 2012 Summer Olympics event has 26 sports. The International Olympic Committee executive board met on 13 August 2009 and approved the addition of women's boxing. The International Boxing Federation proposed that 40 athletes compete in five different weight classes.[16]

  • Canoeing
    • Sprint (12)
    • Slalom (4)
  • Cycling
    • BMX (2)
    • Mountain biking (2)
    • Road (4)
    • Track (10)
  • Equestrian
    • Dressage (2)
    • Eventing (2)
    • Jumping (2)

References

  1. "London And Paris Tie In 2012 Bid". GamesBids. http://www.gamesbids.com/cgi-bin/news/viewnews.cgi?category=1&id=1093970849. Retrieved 2004-08-31.
  2. "Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year". International Olympic Committee. 13 January 2011. http://www.olympic.org/media?articleid=112731&articlenewsgroup=-1. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  3. "London 2012: Refugee runs for world, family walk 50km to watch," NDTV (New Delhi Television), 11 August 2012; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  4. "World Series of Boxing - Results". AIBA. 28 May 2011. http://www.worldseriesboxing.com/finals/individual-championships/results.aspx. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 "iaaf.org - Top Lists". IAAF. http://www.iaaf.org/statistics/toplists/index.html. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 6.33 6.34 6.35 6.36 6.37 6.38 6.39 6.40 6.41 6.42 6.43 6.44 6.45 6.46 6.47 6.48 6.49 "Quota places by NATION and Name". ISSF. 8 March 2011. http://www.issf-sports.org/results/og_qualification/quota_places/quota_places_by_nation_and_name.ashx. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "LONDON 2012 OLYMPIC PLACES ANNOUNCED FOLLOWING ALLTECH FEI WORLD EQUESTRIAN GAMES". FEI. 14 October 2010. http://www.horsesport.org/events/games/olympic-games/press-releases/london-2012-olympic-places-announced-following-alltech-fei. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  8. "Brazil reign again, Colombia make history". FIFA. 22 November 2010. http://www.fifa.com/womensworldcup/news/newsid=1339135/index.html. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Eritrea's Daniel Teklehaimanot wins 3rd African Title in Cycling; Ethiopia finished third". nazret.com. 15 January 2010. http://nazret.com/blog/index.php/2010/11/14/eritrea-s-daniel-teklehaimanot-wins-3rd-african-title-in-cycling-ethiopia-finished-third. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 "Direct Qualifiers for 2012 London Olympic Games - Provisional list" (PDF). International Table Tennis Federation. http://www.ittf.com/World_Events/2012OG/Players_byWR_OG2012.pdf. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  11. "Tarptautinė lengvosios atletikos federacija paskelbė Londono olimpiados normatyvus" (in Lithuanian). http://sportas.delfi.lt/national/tarptautine-lengvosios-atletikos-federacija-paskelbe-londono-olimpiados-normatyvus.d?id=44455205. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  12. "Pakistan seal London 2012 berth with Asian Games triumph". International Hockey Federation. 25 November 2010. http://www.fihockey.org/vsite/vcontent/content/transnews/0,10869,1181-144740-19728-15688-311577-15058-5039-layout169-161956-news-item,00.html. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  13. "Quota places for 2012 Olympic Games London" (pdf). European Aquatics. http://torino2011.len.eu/files/2011-03-13-winners-medals.pdf. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  14. "Brazil hit heights once more". FIFA. 14 February 2011. http://www.fifa.com/u20worldcup/news/newsid=1382702/index.html. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  15. "Phuoc qualifies for London 2012". Viet Nam News. 17 May 2011. http://vietnamnews.vnagency.com.vn/Sports/211373/Phuoc-qualifies-for-London-2012-.html. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  16. Wilson, Stephen (13 August 2009). "IOC backs golf, rugby for 2016 Olympics; women's boxing for 2012". Associated Press. CTV Olympics. http://www.ctvolympics.ca/news-centre/newsid=14036.html?cid=rsstsn. Retrieved 13 August 2009.

Other websites


Olympic rings with white rims.svg Olympic Games
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1912, (1916), 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014Rio 2016Pyeongchang 2018Tokyo 2020

Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games

Olympic rings with white rims.svg Youth Olympic Games
Summer Games: 2010, 2014, 2018
Winter Games: 2012, 2016
Singapore 2010Innsbruck 2012Nanjing 2014






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