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United States Secretary of Energy

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United States Secretary of Energy
Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Official Seal
Dan Brouillette official photo.jpg
Dan Brouillette

since December 3, 2019
FormationAugust 6, 1977
First holderJames R. Schlesinger

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977 by President Jimmy Carter's signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act.[1] The position was originally developed to focus on energy production and regulation. During the 1980s, the emphasis shifted to development of technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as education regarding energy. As the Cold War ended, the department's efforts were more often devoted to nuclear waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[2]

List of Secretaries of Energy

The first Secretary of Energy, James Schlesinger
Hazel O'Leary, the first woman and African-American to hold the position
Spencer Abraham, Secretary from 2001 to 2005

      Democratic (6)       Republican (8)

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office Party President(s)
1 James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpg Schlesinger, James R.James R. Schlesinger Virginia August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Republican Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter
2 Secretary duncan.jpg Duncan, Jr., Charles W.Charles W. Duncan, Jr. Texas August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981 Democratic
3 James B. Edwards.jpg Edwards, James B.James B. Edwards South Carolina January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Republican Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
4 Donald hodel.JPG Hodel, Donald P.Donald P. Hodel Oregon November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985 Republican
5 John S. Herrington.jpg Herrington, John S.John S. Herrington California February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989 Republican
6 Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG Watkins, James D.James D. Watkins California March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican Bush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel O'Leary.jpg O'Leary, Hazel R.Hazel R. O'Leary Virginia January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Democratic Clinton, BillBill Clinton
8 Federico pena energy.jpg Peña, Federico F.Federico F. Peña Colorado March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998 Democratic
9 Bill Richardson, official DOE photo.png Richardson, William B.William B. Richardson New Mexico August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001 Democratic
10 Spencer Abraham.jpg Abraham, SpencerSpencer Abraham Michigan January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 Republican Bush, George W.George W. Bush
11 Samuel Bodman.jpg Bodman, SamuelSamuel Bodman Illinois February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009 Republican
12 Steven Chu official DOE portrait.jpg Chu, StevenSteven Chu California January 20, 2009 April 22, 2013 Democratic Obama, BarackBarack Obama
13 Moniz official portrait standing.jpg Moniz, ErnestErnest Moniz Massachusetts May 21, 2013 January 20, 2017 Democratic
14 Rick Perry official portrait.jpg Perry, RickRick Perry Texas March 2, 2017 December 1, 2019 Republican Trump, DonaldDonald Trump
15 Dan Brouillette official photo.jpg Brouillette, DanDan Brouillette Texas December 3, 2019 Present