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United States Secretary of Energy

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United States Secretary of Energy
Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Official Seal
Moniz official portrait standing.jpg
Ernest Moniz

since May 16, 2013
FormationAugust 6, 1977
First holderJames R. Schlesinger

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977 by President Jimmy Carter's signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act.[1] The position was originally developed to focus on energy production and regulation. During the 1980s, the emphasis shifted to development of technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as education regarding energy. As the Cold War ended, the department's efforts were more often devoted to nuclear waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[2]

List of Secretaries of Energy

The first Secretary of Energy, James Schlesinger
Hazel O'Leary, the first woman and African-American to hold the position
Spencer Abraham, Secretary from 2001 to 2005
# Name Portrait Took Office Left Office President served under
1 James R. Schlesinger James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpg August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
2 Charles W. Duncan, Jr. Secretary duncan.jpg August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981
3 James B. Edwards Secretary edwards.jpg January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 Ronald Reagan
4 Donald Paul Hodel Donald hodel.JPG November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985
5 John S. Herrington John S. Herrington.jpg February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989
6 James D. Watkins Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
7 Hazel R. O'Leary Hazel O'Leary.jpg January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Bill Clinton
8 Federico Peña Federico pena.jpg March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998
9 Bill Richardson Bill Richardson at an event in Kensington, New Hampshire, March 18, 2006.jpg August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001
10 Spencer Abraham Spencer Abraham.jpg January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 George W. Bush
11 Samuel Bodman Samuel Bodman.jpg February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009
12 Steven Chu Steven Chu official DOE portrait.jpg January 21, 2009 April 22, 2013 Barack Obama
13 Ernest Moniz Moniz official portrait standing.jpg May 16, 2013 Incumbent