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1790 United States Census

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The United States Census of 1790 was the first census done in the United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790. In the First Census, the population of the United States was 3,929,214.[1]

Data was collected from all thirteen states (Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia), and districts and territories that would become Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Maine.[2]

The records for many states were lost sometime between 1790 and 1830.[3]


  1. "History: 1790 Fast Facts". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  2. "History: 1790 Overview". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  3. Dollarhide, William (2001). The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. North Salt Lake, Utah: HeritageQuest. p. 7.