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Jeddah




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جدّة Jidda
Flag of Jeddah
Flag
Coat of arms of Jeddah
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Country Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia
Province Makkah (Mecca)
Established From the 6th century BC
Joined Saudi Arabia 1925
Government
 • City Mayor Hani Abu Ras[1]
 • City Governor Mishaal bin Majid
 • Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal
Area
 • Urban
1,686 km2 (651 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,000 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • City 5,112,018
 • Density 2,921/km2 (1,826/sq mi)
 • Urban
3,855,912
 • Metro
5,318,636

Jeddah (also spelled Jedda, Jiddah, Jidda, or Juddah; جدّة Ǧiddah) is a Saudi Arabian city. It is on the coast of the Red Sea (21.50° N 39.1667° E). It is the major urban center in western Saudi Arabia. Jeddah is the largest city in the Western Province, and the second largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city Riyadh. The city has over 3.4 million people. It is seen as the business capital of Saudi Arabia and the richest city in the Middle East and western Asia.

Jeddah is the main gateway to Mecca, the holiest city of Islam, where able-bodied Muslims must go to at least once in a lifetime.

Sister cities

Jeddah has 23 sister cities (aka "twin towns"):

References