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Kaliningrad (English)
Калининград (Russian)
Königsberg
-  City  -
Kaliningrad Montage (2016).png
Church of the Holy Family; Königsberg Cathedral; "Fishermen's village" in pseudo-historic style; Brandenburg Gate; King's Gate; Pregolya River
Missing map.svg
Coat of arms of Kaliningrad.svg
Flag of Kaliningrad.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Anthemnone[1]
City Day4 July; observed on the first Saturday of July
Administrative status
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKaliningrad Oblast
Administratively subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Kaliningrad
Municipal status
Urban okrugKaliningrad Urban Okrug
Head[3]Alexey Silanov[2]
Representative bodyCity Council of Deputies[3]
Statistics
Area223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
431,402 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 201040th
Population (January 2018 est.)475,056 inhabitants[6]
Density1,934/km2 (5,009/sq mi)[7]
Time zoneUSZ1 (UTC+03:00)
Founded1 September 1255[4]
Postal code(s)236001 - 236999
Dialing code(s)+7 4012
Official website

Kaliningrad (Russian: Калинингра́д; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German: Loudspeaker.png Königsberg (info • help); Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Russian: Кёнигсберг Kyonigsberg) is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. Kaliningrad is the second-largest city in the Northwestern Federal District, after Saint Petersburg, the third-largest city in the Baltic region and the seventh-largest city on the Baltic Sea. It is the westernmost Oblast of Russia.

It is surrounded by NATO and European Union members Poland and Lithuania and is geographically separated from the main part of Russia itself. Borderless connection is only possible by sea or air.

In 2002, it had a population of 430,003 people. This was more than in 1989, when the last census was done. At that time, the city only had a population of 401,280. About 78% of the people there are Russians, 8% Belarusians, and 7.3% Ukrainians.[8]

It was named Königsberg originally. It was the capital city of the German province of East Prussia, the earlier Duchy of Prussia, and before that of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. The city had that name from 1254 to 1945. The people were mostly Germans but they were expelled and replaced during wars.

One of the famous people from Königsberg was the philosopher Immanuel Kant.

References

  1. Article 6 of the Charter of Kaliningrad states that the city may have an anthem, providing one is officially adopted. As of 2015, an anthem is not listed among the symbols of the city shown on the official website of Kaliningrad.
  2. Official website of Kaliningrad. Head of the City, Alexander Georgiyevich Yaroshuk. (in Russian)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Charter of Kaliningrad, Article 25
  4. 4.0 4.1 Official website of Kaliningrad. Passport of Kaliningrad Urban Okrug. (in Russian)
  5. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Оценка численности населения Калининградской области по состоянию на 1 января 2018 года (in Russian)
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Kaliningrad Oblast