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Manchester United
Full nameManchester United Football Club
Nickname(s)The Red Devils[1]
Short nameMan United/Utd
United
MUFC[2][3]
Founded5 March 1878; 143 years ago (1878-03-05), as Newton Heath LYR F.C.
1902; 119 years ago (1902), as Manchester United F.C.
GroundOld Trafford
(capacity: 74,879[4])
OwnerManchester United plc (NYSEMANU)
Co-chairmenJoel and Avram Glazer
ManagerRalf Rangnick (interim)
LeaguePremier League
2019–20Premier League, 3rd of 20
WebsiteClub home page
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

Manchester United Football Club (F.C.)[5] is a football club that plays in the Premier League. They play their home games at Old Trafford which is in Greater Manchester.

Matt Busby led the club to lots of success by using the youth players until the Munich air disaster in 1958, where many United footballers and staff died. Sir Alex Ferguson led the club to many titles, including the treble (Premier League, FA Cup, and Champions League), from 1986 to 2013, when he retired. The club has 3 UEFA Champions League titles, 20 league titles, 12 FA Cups, and a FIFA Club World Cup.

History

Manchester United are the most successful club in England and have won 20 league titles, which is more than any other team. They have also won 12 FA Cups and 3 European Cups.

Manchester United Name History
Years used Name
1878-1892 Newton Heath L&YR F.C.
1892-1902 Newton Heath F.C.
1902-present Manchester United F.C.

The club started as Newton Heath L&YR F.C. in 1878. All of the team worked at Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway depot at Newton Heath. After nearly closing in 1902, John Henry Davies took over and changed the club's name to Manchester United F.C.. Manchester United made Matt Busby their manager after World War II. Matt Busby used the youth team to get new players, and this was very successful. The club won the Football League in 1956 and 1957. The success was stopped by the Munich air disaster in 1958, when eight of the club's players died. It was thought that the club might close, but it did not. They won the Football League in 1965 and 1967, and the European Cup in 1968.

Sir Alex Ferguson era

Sir Alex Ferguson
Sir Alex Ferguson at Manchester United's home ground Old Trafford

In 1986, manager Ron Atkinson was sacked by the club because they were in danger of being relegated. They brought in Sir Alex Ferguson. He did not win anything for the first couple of years.

The team won their first trophy under Ferguson, the 1990 FA Cup, against Crystal Palace in the replay after a 3-3 draw. The next season, United won the UEFA Cup Winners Cup. In 1993, Manchester United won the very first Premier League. In 1999, Manchester United won the treble, made of the Premier League, FA Cup, and UEFA Champions League. Manchester United won the league 7 times again until Sir Alex Ferguson retired after the 2012–13 season. From the 2006–07 season to the 2008–09 season, Man United won the league 3 times in a row. The club also won its third UEFA Champions League in 2008 against Chelsea F.C., and almost won the next season as well but lost to FC Barcelona in the final. They won their first FIFA Club World Cup in December 2008.

Recent history

2013 - 2018

David Moyes was made manager in 2013. In April 2014, he was sacked by the club and club legend Ryan Giggs became player-manager (when a player is also the manager at the same time). They finished in 7th place. In 2014, Louis Van Gaal took over. He led United to a 4th-place finish. In 2015, after winning 3-0 against Sunderland, Man United reached 1st place for the first time in over two years. However, after losing 0-3 to Arsenal, they dropped to 3rd place. Van Gaal was sacked at the end of the season and José Mourinho replaced him. He then led the club to a League Cup and Europa League victory in the 2016–17 season. Mourinho was sacked in December 2018 because of poor results and replaced by Ole Gunnar Solskjaer.

2018 - Present

Since Mourinho was fired in the middle of the season, United brought in a temporary manager for the rest of the season. A former player, Ole Gunnar Solksjaer moved from his position at Molde to manage Manchester United. Under Solksjaer, United won 14 of their remaining 19 games that season. This good run meant they qualified for UEFA Champions League that season. United made Solksjaer their permanent manager in March 2019.[6]

Honours

Domestic

League

Cups

European

Worldwide

Doubles and Trebles

League position

Season League Position
2000-01 English Premier League 1st
2001-02 English Premier League 3rd
2002-03 English Premier League 1st
2003-04 English Premier League 3rd
2004-05 English Premier League 3rd
2005-06 English Premier League 2nd
2006-07 English Premier League 1st
2007-08 English Premier League 1st
2008-09 English Premier League 1st
2009-10 English Premier League 2nd
2010-11 English Premier League 1st
2011-12 English Premier League 2nd
2012-13 English Premier League 1st
2013-14 English Premier League 7th
2014-15 English Premier League 4th
2015-16 English Premier League 5th
2016-17 English Premier League 6th
2017-18 English Premier League 2nd
2018-19 English Premier League 6th
2019-20 English Premier League 3rd
2020–21 English Premier League 2nd
2021–22 English Premier League TBA

*Bold indicates a place of third or higher.

Former position


Grounds

Old Trafford seen from the South Stand

The Old Trafford became the club's home ground in 1909, and the stadium was constructed to a capacity of 77,000. In the Second World War, bombings damaged the stadium. While the stadium was being fixed, they played "home" games at Manchester City's Maine Road. The stadium was converted to an all-seater stadium in 1993 for safety reasons, but the capacity fell to 44,000. In 1995, expansions in the North Stand raised the capacity to 55,000. In the middle of 1999, the East and West Stands were expanded to give the stadium a capacity of 67,000. Then between 2005 and 2006 8,000 more seats were added to make a capacity of 75,000.

Players

First-team squad

As of 2 September 2021[7]
No. Position Player
1 Spain GK David de Gea
2 Sweden DF Victor Lindelöf
3 Côte d'Ivoire DF Eric Bailly
4 England DF Phil Jones
5 England DF Harry Maguire (captain)[8]
6 France MF Paul Pogba
7 Portugal FW Cristiano Ronaldo
8 Spain MF Juan Mata
9 France FW Anthony Martial
10 England FW Marcus Rashford
11 England FW Mason Greenwood
13 England GK Lee Grant
14 England MF Jesse Lingard
16 Côte d'Ivoire MF Amad Diallo
17 Brazil MF Fred
18 Portugal MF Bruno Fernandes (vice-captain)
No. Position Player
19 France DF Raphaël Varane
20 Portugal DF Diogo Dalot
21 Uruguay FW Edinson Cavani
22 England GK Tom Heaton
23 England DF Luke Shaw
25 England FW Jadon Sancho
26 England GK Dean Henderson
27 Brazil DF Alex Telles
29 England DF Aaron Wan-Bissaka
31 Serbia MF Nemanja Matić
34 Netherlands MF Donny van de Beek
36 Sweden FW Anthony Elanga
39 Scotland MF Scott McTominay
43 England DF Teden Mengi
46 Tunisia MF Hannibal Mejbri
47 England FW Shola Shoretire

On loan

No. Position Player
15 Brazil MF Andreas Pereira (at Flamengo until 30 June 2022)[9]
28 Uruguay MF Facundo Pellistri (at Alavés until 30 June 2022)[10]
33 England DF Brandon Williams (at Norwich City until 30 June 2022)[11]
No. Position Player
37 England MF James Garner (at Nottingham Forest until 30 June 2022)[12]
38 England DF Axel Tuanzebe (at Aston Villa until 30 June 2022)[13]
44 Netherlands FW Tahith Chong (at Birmingham City until 30 June 2022)[14]

Rivalries

United has many rivalries including Liverpool, Manchester City, Leeds United and Arsenal. Their most intense rivalry is with "The Citizens" (Manchester City). This is because both clubs are from Manchester and each time they play against each other it is called the Manchester Derby.

Club records

  • Record League victory: 10-1 v Wolverhampton, Division 1, 15 October 1892
  • Record Premiership victory: 9-0 v Ipswich Town, 4 March 1995
  • Record European Cup victory: 10-0 v Anderlecht, European Champion Clubs' Cup, Preliminary Round, 26 September 1956
  • Record European Cup (Champions League era) victory: 7-1 v A.S. Roma, 10 April 2007
  • Record home win 10-0 v R.S.C. Anderlecht, 26 September 1956
  • Record away win: 8-1 v Nottingham Forest, 6 February 1999
  • Record League defeat: 0-7 v Blackburn Rovers, Division 1, 10 April 1926 / v Aston Villa, Division 1, 27 December 1930 / v Wolves, Division 2, 26 December 1931
  • Record Cup defeat: 1-7 v Burnley, FA Cup, 1st Round, 13 February 2020
  • Record 'Home' attendance: 83,250 v Arsenal, Division 1, Maine Road, 7 January 1948
  • Record League attendance (at Old Trafford): 76,998 v Arsenal, April 2008
  • Longest unbeaten run: 45 (all competitions), 24 December 1998 to 3 October 1999
  • Most appearances: 900 - Ryan Giggs
  • Most League appearances: 606 - Bobby Charlton
  • Most goals scored: 250 - Wayne Rooney
  • Most League goals: 199 - Bobby Charlton
  • Most League goals in a season: 32 - Dennis Viollet, Division 1, 1959-60
  • Most goals in a season in all competitions: 46 - Denis Law, 1963-64
  • Most goals scored in a match: 6 - George Best v Northampton Town, 7 February 1970 / Harold Halse v Swindon Town, 25 September 1911
  • Most goals scored in European competition: 38 - Ruud van Nistelrooy
  • Goals in consecutive league matches: 10 consecutive matches - Ruud van Nistelrooy, 22 March 2003 to 23 August 2003
  • Highest transfer fee paid: £59.7 million - Angel Di Maria (from Real Madrid)
  • Most League goals in a season (by team): 103 (1956/57, 1958/59)
  • Most points in a 42-game season: 92 - 1993/94
  • Most points in a 38-game Season: 91 - 1999/2000
  • Most capped player: 129 - Peter Schmeichel - Denmark
  • Fastest goal: 15 seconds - Ryan Giggs v Southampton, Premiership, 18 November 1995
  • Fastest four goals: 13 minutes - Ole Gunnar Solksjær v Nottingham Forest, Premiership, 6 February 1999

Related pages

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 When it was made in 1992, the Premier League became the 1st division of English football; the First and Second divisions then turned into the second and third tiers, respectively. The First Division is now known as the Football League Championship and the Second Division is now known as Football League One.

References

  1. "Premier League Handbook Season 2015/16". Premier League. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150906045556/http://www.premierleague.com/content/dam/premierleague/site-content/News/publications/handbooks/premier-league-handbook-2015-16.pdf. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  2. Man United must aim for top four, not title challenge – Mourinho, Reuters, 2 November 2018
  3. https://www.independent.ie/sport/soccer/premier-league/marcus-rashfords-92nd-minute-winner-enough-for-man-united-to-scrape-a-win-at-bournemouth-37488476.html Marcus Rashford's 92nd minute winner enough for Man United to scrape a win at Bournemouth
  4. "Premier League Handbook 2018–19". Premier League. 30 July 2018. https://pulse-static-files.s3.amazonaws.com/premierleague/document/2018/09/19/ef4c62c9-6b19-4189-a064-d212cbf68ce7/PL_Handbook_2018-19_Digital.pdf. Retrieved 3 January 2019. 
  5. FC is an acronym. FC stands for "Footbal Club".
  6. "Man Utd confirm Solskjaer appointment" (in en-GB). BBC Sport. https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/47691296. Retrieved 2021-08-23. 
  7. "Man Utd First Team Squad & Player Profiles". Manchester United. https://www.manutd.com/en/players-and-staff/first-team. 
  8. Carney, Sam (17 January 2020). Maguire to be new United captain. Manchester United. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/harry-maguire-confirmed-as-new-man-utd-captain. Retrieved 17 January 2020. 
  9. Froggat, Mark (21 August 2021). Confirmed: Andreas leaves United for loan spell. Manchester United. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/man-utd-midfielder-andreas-pereira-joins-flamengo-on-loan-for-202122-season. Retrieved 21 August 2021. 
  10. Loan move secured for Pellistri. Manchester United. 5 August 2021. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/facundo-pellistri-rejoins-deportivo-alaves-on-loan-for-the-2021-22-campaign-5-august-2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021. 
  11. Robinson, Harry (23 August 2021). Williams completes season-long loan move. Manchester United. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/man-utd-defender-brandon-williams-joins-norwich-city-on-a-season-long-loan. Retrieved 23 August 2021. 
  12. Garner signs new deal and returns to Forest. Manchester United. 22 August 2021. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/james-garner-signs-new-united-contract-and-joins-nottingham-forest-on-loan. Retrieved 22 August 2021. 
  13. Robinson, Harry (8 August 2021). Tuanzebe signs new deal and goes on loan. Manchester United. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/axel-tuanzebe-signs-new-man-utd-contract-and-joins-aston-villa-on-loan. Retrieved 8 August 2021. 
  14. Tahith Chong joining Birmingham City on loan. Manchester United. 9 July 2021. https://www.manutd.com/en/news/detail/tahith-chong-joining-birmingham-city-on-loan-for-2021-22. Retrieved 9 July 2021.