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(Redirected from 7 November)
Up to 1900
- 1332 – Lucerne joins the Swiss Confederation.
- 1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite strikes Earth in a wheatfield in the Alsace.
- 1619 - Elizabeth of Bohemia is crowned.
- 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees, agreeing on their border in northern Catalonia.
- 1665 - The London Gazette, the oldest-surviving journal, is first published.
- 1775 - John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America.
- 1786 - The Stoughton Musical Society, the oldest musical organization in the United States, is founded.
- 1801 – Alessandro Volta demonstrates the first battery.
- 1848 – Zachary Taylor is elected President of the United States.
- 1861 – Denver, Colorado is incorporated as a city.
- 1872 – The ship Mary Celeste sails from New York City.
- 1876 – Rutherford B. Hayes is controversially elected President of the United States over Samuel J. Tilden, as Tilden had won the popular vote.
- 1885 – Construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway is completed.
- 1893 - Colorado becomes the first US State to allow women to vote.
1901 – 1950
- 1908 - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in Bolivia.
- 1911 - Marie Curie wins the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, becoming the first person to win two Nobel Prizes.
- 1913 - First Day of the Great Lakes Storm of 1913.
- 1916 – Woodrow Wilson is elected to a second term as President of the United States.
- 1916 – Jeannette Rankin becomes the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
- 1917 – The October Revolution begins in Russia.
- 1918 – Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in Bavaria.
- 1918 - The 1918 Spanish flu outbreak reaches Western Samoa.
- 1929 - The Museum of Modern Art opens in New York City.
- 1931 - The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed.
- 1933 - Fiorello La Guardia is elected the 99th Mayor of New York City.
- 1936 - Spanish Civil War: Francisco Franco's troops begin their assault on Madrid.
- 1940 – The original bridge in Tacoma, Washington collapses in a wind storm, only 4 months after its completion.
- 1941 - World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia is sunk by German planes.
- 1944 - A passenger train derails in Puerto Rico, killing 16 people.
- 1944 - Soviet spy Richard Sorge is executed by his Japanese captors.
- 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Thomas E. Dewey, as he is elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States, though he only serves this term for a short time, as he dies on April 12, 1945, when he is succeeded by Harry S. Truman.
1951 – 2000
- 1956 – Suez Crisis: The UN General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to withdraw from Egypt.
- 1963 – Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, 11 miners are rescued from a collapsed mine, after surviving for 14 days.
- 1967 - Carl B. Stokes is elected Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American Mayor of a major US city.
- 1972 – Richard Nixon is elected to a second term as President of the United States, defeating George McGovern, who only manages to win in Massachusetts and Washington, DC.
- 1975 - In Bangladesh, a joint force of civilians and soldiers takes part in an uprising led by Colonel Abu Taher that ousts and kills Brigadier Khaled Mosharraf, freeing the house-arrested army chief and future President Major General Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
- 1982 - In Burkina Faso, Saye Zerbo is removed from power by Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo.
- 1987 – Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali becomes the 2nd President of Tunisia.
- 1989 - Chandra Shekhar becomes Prime Minister of India.
- 1989 – In Virginia, Douglas Wilder is elected the first African-American Governor in the United States.
- 1989 – David Dinkins is elected the first African-American Mayor of New York City.
- 1989 – Willi Stoph and the entire East German cabinet resigns.
- 1990 – Mary Robinson is elected the first female President of Ireland.
- 1991 - Magic Johnson announces he has AIDS, and declares his retirement from professional basketball.
- 1996 - A Boeing 727 crashes in Lagos, Nigeria, killing all 143 people on board.
- 2000 – Hillary Clinton becomes the first First Lady of the United States to be elected to the United States Senate.
- 2000 – The Presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore in the United States ends in controversy. Gore wins the popular votes, but after narrowly winning Florida, Bush wins the electoral college vote. The result is not known for a month, when Bush is declared as the next President of the United States.
- 2001 - SABENA, the national airline of Belgium, goes bankrupt.
- 2002 - Iran bans advertising of US products.
- 2006 - US Mid-Term Elections: The Democrats gain a majority in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives halfway through Republican George W. Bush's second term in office as President.
- 2007 – Jokela School Shooting: A shooting in Tuusula, Finland, kills 9 people.
- 2011 – Dr. Conrad Murray is found guilty of the involuntary manslaughter of Michael Jackson.
- 2012 - A magnitude 7.4 earthquake strikes off Guatemala.
Up to 1900
- 630 – Constans II, Byzantine Emperor (d. 668)
- 994 - Ibn Hazm, Arab philosopher (d. 1069)
- 1598 - Francisco Zurbaran, Spanish painter (d. 1664)
- 1612 – Pierre Mignard, French painter (d. 1695)
- 1706 - Carlo Cecere, Italian composer (d. 1761)
- 1720 - Erekle II, Georgian King (d. 1798)
- 1728 – James Cook, English explorer (d. 1879) (born on Oct. 27 in the Julian calendar)
- 1790 - Luigi Legnani, Italian singer, guitarist and composer (d. 1877)
- 1805 - Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)
- 1832 - Andrew Dickson White, American educator and diplomat (d. 1918)
- 1833 - Rafael Pombo, Colombian poet (d. 1912)
- 1838 - Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (d. 1889)
- 1846 – Ignaz Bruell, Austrian pianist (d. 1907)
- 1849 - Ernesto Hinze Ribeiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1907)
- 1855 - Edwin Hall, American physicist (d. 1938)
- 1858 - Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian political activist (d. 1932)
- 1867 – Marie Curie, Polish-French chemist and physicist (d. 1934)
- 1872 - Leonora Speyer, American poet and novelist (d. 1956)
- 1876 - Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (d. 1958)
- 1878 - Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist (d. 1968)
- 1879 – Leon Trotsky, Ukrainian revolutionary and Marxist (d. 1940)
- 1879 - King Baggot, American actor (d. 1958)
- 1885 – Frank Knight, American economist (d. 1972)
- 1886 – Aaron Nimzovich, Latvian chess player (d. 1935)
- 1888 – C. V. Raman, Indian physicist (d. 1970)
- 1890 - Jan Matulka, American painter (d. 1972)
- 1891 - Miriam Cooper, American actress (d. 1976)
- 1893 - Leatrice Joy, American actress (d. 1985)
- 1897 - Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter, director and producer (d. 1953)
- 1897 - Armstrong Sperry, American author (d. 1976)
- 1899 - Yitzhak Lamdan, Russian-Israeli poet and columnist (d. 1954)
1901 – 1950
- 1903 – Dean Jagger, American actor (d. 1991)
- 1903 – Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist (d. 1989)
- 1903 - Grace Stafford, American actress (d. 1992)
- 1903 - Ary Barroso, Brazilian pianist and composer (d. 1964)
- 1904 - Gino Rosetti, Italian footballer (d. 1992)
- 1905 - Aurelio de Lira Tavares, President of Brazil (d. 1998)
- 1908 - Marijac, French author and illustrator (d. 1994)
- 1913 – Albert Camus, French writer (d. 1960)
- 1913 - Alekos Sakellarios, Greek writer and movie director (d. 1991)
- 1914 - Archie Campbell, American comedian and writer (d. 1987)
- 1915 - Philip Morrison, American physicist (d. 2005)
- 1917 – Helen Suzman, South African political activist (d. 2009)
- 1918 – Billy Graham, American religious leader
- 1918 - Maria Teresa de Noronha, Portuguese Fado singer (d. 1993)
- 1921 - Jack Fleck, American golfer (d. 2014)
- 1922 - Ghulam Azam, Bangladeshi politician (d. 2014)
- 1926 – Joan Sutherland, Australian operatic soprano (d. 2010)
- 1927 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman, 3rd president of Nintendo (d. 2013)
- 1929 – Eric Kandel, Austrian-American neuroscientist
- 1936 – Dame Gwyneth Jones, Welsh soprano
- 1938 - Ian Balding, American-English horse trainer
- 1938 – Barry Newman, American actor
- 1940 - Antonio Skarmeta, Chilean writer
- 1941 - Angelo Scola, Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Milan
- 1942 - Jean Shrimpton, British supermodel and actress
- 1942 – Johnny Rivers, American musician
- 1943 – Silvia Cartwright, former Governor-General of New Zealand
- 1943 – Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
- 1943 – Michael Spence, American economist
- 1943 - Michael Byrne, British actor
- 1943 - Boris Gromov, Russian general
- 1944 – Luigi Riva, Italian footballer
- 1944 - Bob Windle, Australian swimmer
- 1947 - Yutaka Fukumoto, Japanese baseball player
- 1949 – Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (d. 2001)
- 1950 - Lindsay Duncan, British actress
1951 – 1975
- 1951 - Lawrence O'Donnell, American journalist, actor and producer
- 1952 - Valeriy Zuyev, Ukrainian footballer and coach
- 1952 – David Petraeus, American general and CIA director
- 1952 – Modibo Sidibe, former Prime Minister of Mali
- 1953 - Lucinda Green, British horse rider and journalist
- 1955 - Detlef Ultsch, German judoka
- 1957 - Christopher Knight, American actor
- 1957 - John Benitez, American DJ, songwriter and producer
- 1957 - King Kong Bundy, American wrestler and actor
- 1959 - Billy Gillispie, American basketball coach
- 1959 - Alexandre Guimaraes, Costa Rican football manager
- 1959 - Billy Gillispie, American basketball coach
- 1960 - Tommy Thayer, American guitarist (Kiss)
- 1962 – Bettina Hoy, German showjumper
- 1963 – John Barnes, English footballer
- 1964 - Dana Plato, American actress (d. 1999)
- 1964 - Bonnie St. John, American Paralympic ski racer
- 1965 - Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
- 1967 – David Guetta, French DJ
- 1967 – Sharleen Spiteri, Scottish singer
- 1969 - Michel Picard, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1970 – Morgan Spurlock, American movie director and producer
- 1970 - Neil Hannon, Irish singer-songwriter
- 1971 - Robin Finck, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1973 – Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
- 1973 – Martin Palermo, Argentine footballer
- 1974 - Brigitte Foster-Hylton, Jamaican track athlete
- 1975 - Venkat Prabhu, Indian movie director
- 1976 – Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player
- 1976 - Rob Caggiano, American musician (Anthrax)
- 1977 - Andres Oper, Estonian footballer
- 1978 - Tomoya Nagase, Japanese actor and singer
- 1978 – Mohamed Aboutrika, Egyptian footballer
- 1978 – Rio Ferdinand, English footballer
- 1978 – Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink, Dutch footballer
- 1978 – Barry Robson, Scottish footballer
- 1979 – Danny Fonseca, Costa Rican footballer
- 1979 - Mike Commodore, American ice hockey player
- 1979 - Barney Harwood, English television presenter and actor
- 1980 - Luciana Salazar, Argentine model, actress and singer
- 1980 - Karthik, Indian singer and composer
- 1981 – Anushka Shetty, Indian actress
- 1982 - Pascal Leclaire, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1984 - Amelia Vega, Dominican model
- 1984 – Jonathan Bornstein, American footballer
- 1985 - Tom Croft, English rugby player
- 1987 - Rachele Brooke Smith, American actress and dancer
- 1988 – Tinie Tempah, English rapper and musician
- 1988 - Alexandr Dolgopolov, Ukrainian tennis player
- 1989 - Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, Russian singer and actress (Pussy Riot)
- 1990 – Matt Corby, Australian singer
- 1990 – David de Gea, Spanish footballer
- 1994 - Haruna Iikubo, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
- 1996 - Lorde, New Zealand singer-songwriter
Up to 1950
- 641 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, 2nd Caliph od Islam
- 739 - Willibrord, Anglo-Saxon missionary and saint
- 1225 - Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne
- 1550 – Jon Arason, last Roman Catholic bishop in Iceland (b. 1484)
- 1574 - Solomon Luria, Polish rabbi (b. 1510)
- 1581 - Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
- 1599 - Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon and educator (b. 1546)
- 1633 - Cornelis Drebbel, Dutch inventor (b. 1572)
- 1837 - Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (b. 1809)
- 1872 - Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
- 1906 – Heinrich Seidel, German engineer, poet and writer (b. 1842)
- 1913 – Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and explorer (b. 1823)
- 1919 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (b. 1863)
- 1922 - Sam Thompson, American baseball player (b. 1860)
- 1930 - Okido Moriemon, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1878)
- 1933 - Harold Weber, American golfer (b. 1882)
- 1944 – Richard Sorge, Soviet spy (b. 1895)
- 1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States, activist and wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1884)
- 1967 - John Nance Garner, Vice President of the United States (b. 1868)
- 1968 - Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
- 1978 - Jivraj Narayan Mehta, 6th Chief Minister of Gujarat (b. 1887)
- 1978 – Gene Tunney, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1897)
- 1980 – Steve McQueen, American actor (b. 1930)
- 1981 – Will Durant, American philosopher and writer (b. 1885)
- 1990 - Lawrence Durrell, British writer (b. 1912)
- 1991 - Tom of Finland, Finnish fetish artist (b. 1920)
- 1992 – Alexander Dubcek, Czechoslovakian politician (b. 1921)
- 1992 - Jack Kelly, American actor (b. 1927)
- 1993 - Adelaide Hall, American-English singer, actress and dancer (b. 1901)
- 1995 – Ann Dunham, American anthropologist and mother of Barack Obama (b. 1942)
- 2000 – Ingrid of Sweden, mother of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark (b. 1910)
- 2002 – Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (Der Spiegel magazine) (b. 1923)
- 2004 – Howard Keel, American actor (b. 1919)
- 2005 - Harry Thompson, English author, screenwriter and producer (b. 1960)
- 2007 - Earl Dodge, American politician (b. 1932)
- 2011 – Joe Frazier, American heavyweight boxer and world champion (b. 1944)
- 2012 - Clive Dunn, British actor, comedian and writer (b. 1920)
- 2012 - Carmen Basilio, American boxer (b. 1927)
- 2013 - Manfred Rommel, German politician, former Lord Mayor of Stuttgart, and son of Erwin Rommel (b. 1928)
- 2013 - Amparo Rivelles, Spanish actress (b. 1925)
- Anniversary of the Treaty of the Pyrenees (Northern Catalonia)
- National Revolution and Solidarity Day (Bangladesh)