January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It has 31 days.
January is named for Janus, the Roman god of doors and gates. Janus had two faces with one looking ahead to the future and the other looking back at the past.
January's Full Wolf Moon was named this because people noticed that wolves would howl more during this time of year when there was a full moon.
January and February were put on the calendar after all the other months. This is because in the original Roman calendar, winter did not have months. Although March was originally the first month, January became the new first month because that was when people chose the new consuls (Roman leaders).
January's flower is the carnation with its birthstone being garnet which is usually red in color. The meaning of the garnet is constancy.
The first day of January is called New Year's Day. In some countries it has the name of Saint Sylvester.
The first week of January is when the earth is closest to the sun. It is called the perihelion during which the earth is about 91,402,000 miles from the sun.