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March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, coming between February and April. It has 31 days. March is named after Mars, the Roman god of war.

The Month

The daffodil is a symbol of the month of March, when spring begins in the Northern Hemisphere.

In ancient Rome, March was called Martius. It was named after the war god (Mars) and the Romans thought that it was a lucky time to begin a war. Before Julius Caesar's calendar reform, March was the first month of the year in the Roman calendar, as the winter was considered to be a monthless period.

March has 31 days, and is one of seven months in the year to have that number of days. In common years it starts on the same day of the week as February, and it always starts on the same day of the week as November of the same year. In a common year, March starts on the same day of the week as June of the previous year, and in leap years starts on the same day of the week as September and December of the previous year. Every year, March ends on the same day of the week as June, and ends on the same day as December of the previous year if it is a leap year. In leap years, the day before March 1 is February 29. This determines the position of each day of the year from there on. As an example, March 1 is usually the 60th day of the year, but in a leap year is the 61st day.

In terms of seasons, March is a month that has an equinox, with daylight and darkness of roughly the same number of hours, halfway between the December and June solstices. In the Northern Hemisphere, spring starts in this month, while it is autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. The official start of either season is March 1, though the equinox can fall on March 20 or 21, occasionally on March 19. The northern spring equinox marks the start of the Iranian New Year and Baha'i New Year. It is from the March 21 date that Easter's date is calculated, on the Sunday after the first full moon in spring, meaning it can fall between March 22 and April 25 in Western Christianity.

March's flower is the daffodil and its birthstones are the bloodstone and aquamarine. The meaning of the bloodstone is courage. The star signs for March are Pisces (February 20 to March 20) and Aries (March 21 to April 20).

Events in March

Fixed events

Saint David's Day celebration in Cardiff Bay, Wales on March 1.
Seven-tiered doll set celebrating Hinamatsuri, Girls' Day, in Japan on March 3.
German poster from 1914 marking International Women's Day on March 8.
Cesar Chavez, whose birthday is observed in the US on March 31.

Moveable events

Eggs celebrating Easter, which sometimes falls in late March.

Selection of Historical Events

Work on Mount Rushmore begins on March 3, 1925.
Devastation caused by the earthquake and tsunami in Japan on March 11, 2011.
Canberra is officially named on March 12, 1913.
Maine became the 23rd US State on March 15, 1820.
Sydney Harbour Bridge, which was opened on March 19, 1932.
Painting showing the US's agreement on March 30, 1867 to buy Alaska from Russia.


The planet Mars, also named after the Roman god of war.

Other meanings

  • A march is also a type of music, originally written for and performed by marching bands.
  • March also refers to a certain way of walking.
  • March is also the name of a place in Germany.
  • There is an animal known as the March hare.
Months of the Year

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December