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April is the fourth month of the year, and comes between March and May. It has 30 days. April begins on the same day of week as July in all years and also January in leap years.

April's flowers are the Sweet Pea and Daisy. Its birthstone is the diamond. The meaning of the diamond is innocence.

The Month

Spring flowers in April in the Northern Hemisphere.

April comes between March and May, making it the fourth month of the year. It also comes first in the year out of the four months that have 30 days, as June, September and November are later in the year. It starts on the same day of the week as July every year, and starts on the same day as January in leap years. In a common year, April starts on the same day of the week as October of the previous year, and in leap years starts on the same day as May of the previous year. April ends on the same day of the week as December every year. In a common year, it ends on the same day as July of the previous year. In a leap year, it ends on the same day as October of the previous year.

April is a spring month in the Northern Hemisphere and an autumn/fall month in the Southern Hemisphere. In each hemisphere, it is the seasonal equivalent of October in the other.

It is unclear as to where April got its name. A common theory is that it comes from the Latin word "aperire", meaning "to open", referring to flowers opening in spring. Another theory is that the name could come from Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love. It was originally the second month in the old Roman Calendar, before the start of the new year was put to January 1.

Quite a few festivals are held in this month. In many Southeast Asian cultures, new year is celebrated in this month. In Western Christianity, Easter can be celebrated on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25. In Orthodox Christianity, it can fall between April 4 and May 8. At the end of the month, Central and Northern European cultures celebrate Walpurgis Night on April 30, marking the transition from winter into summer.

April in poetry

Poets use April to mean the end of winter. For example: April showers bring May flowers.

Events in April

Fixed Events

Proposed flag for Earth Day on April 22.
ANZAC Day commemoration in Australia on April 25.
Queen's Day, April 30, celebration in the Netherlands. It will change to King's Day, April 27, in 2014.

Moveable Events

Eggs celebrating Easter, which often falls in April, but sometimes falls in March.

Selection of Historical Events

Inauguration celebration for Nunavut on April 1, 1999.
Newspaper report on the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912.
Australian and New Zealand forces landing at Anzac Cove, April 25, 1915.
Painting showing the Mutiny on the Bounty on April 28, 1789.
Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, who abdicated the throne on her 71st birthday, April 30, 1980.


Elizabeth II is one of six current European monarchs to have been born in April.