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(Redirected from 30 November)
Up to 1900
- 3340 BC - Earliest believed record of an eclipse.
- 1700 - Battle of Narva: A Swedish army of 8,500 men under Charles XII of Sweden defeats a much larger Russian army at Narva (present-day Estonia, next to Russian border).
- 1707 - The Second Siege of Pensacola comes to an end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.
- 1718 - Charles XII of Sweden dies during a siege of the fortress of Fredriksten, Norway.
- 1731 - An earthquake in Beijing kills thousands of people.
- 1782 - American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris - In Paris, representatives of the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace agreements - they later become official in the 1783 Treaty of Paris.
- 1786 - The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, under the future Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes the first modern state to ban the death penalty.
- 1803 – In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
- 1853 - Crimean War: Battle of Sinop - The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman Empire fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, present-day Turkey.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Franklin, Tennessee.
- 1872 – The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow on Saint Andrew's Day, between Scotland and England. It ends 0-0.
- 1886 - The Folies Bergere in Paris stages its first performance.
1901 – 2000
- 1908 - 154 miners are killed in a mining explosion in Marianna, Pennsylvania.
- 1916 - Costa Rica signs the Buenos Aires Copyright Convention.
- 1920 - Liberato Ribeiro Pinto becomes Prime Minister of Portugal.
- 1934 - The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive known to have reached a speed of 100 miles per hour.
- 1936 – In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.
- 1939 – Winter War: Soviet forces invade Finland and reach the Mannerheim Line, starting the war.
- 1940 - Actress Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.
- 1942 - World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga - A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizo Tanaka defeats a US cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.
- 1943 – World War II: — U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin agree to the planned June 1944 invasion of Europe code-named Operation Overlord.
- 1953 - Edward Mutesa II, the last King of Buganda, is deposed and exiled to London by Andrew Cohen, British Governor of Uganda.
- 1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, an 8.5 lb (3.86 kg) sulfide meteorite crashes through a roof and hits Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges in her living room after bouncing off her radio. She got a bad bruise. This is the only known case of a human being hit by a rock from space.
- 1956 - Floyd Patterson becomes heavyweight world boxing champion against Archie Moore.
- 1958 - French Equatorial Africa splits up into the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Chad and the Central African Republic, all of which becomes fully independent in 1960.
- 1966 – Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
- 1967 – The People's Republic of South Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
- 1967 – Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
- 1975 - Dahomey is renamed the "People's Republic of Benin".
- 1981 – Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17).
- 1982 – A parcel bomb is delivered to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at 10 Downing Street.
- 1982 – Michael Jackson releases his hit, "Thriller".
- 1989 – Richard Mallory of Palm Harbor, Florida becomes serial killer Aileen Wuornos's first victim.
- 1989 - German banker Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction bomb. He was a board member at Deutsche Bank.
- 1993 - Steven Spielberg's movie Schindler's List is first shown, in Washington, DC.
- 1994 - The ship MS Achille Lauro catches fire off Somalia.
- 1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
- 1995 - Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland, as the first US President to do so.
- 1998 - Exxon and Mobil sign an agreement to merge.
- 1999 - British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems.
- 2001 - Green River Killer Gary Ridgway is arrested in Renton, Washington, ending a killing spree in which 49 people were murdered.
- 2004 - Lion Air Flight 538 crash-lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26 people.
- 2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally loses, leaving him with $2,520,700 USD, television's all-time biggest game show haul.
- 2005 - John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England when he becomes Archbishop of York.
- 2006 - Typhoon Durian causes a mud avalanche from the Mount Mayon volcano on Luzon, Philippines, killing 300 people.
- 2013 - Actor Paul Walker, star of the "Fast and Furious", is killed in a car crash.
Up to 1800
- 539 - Gregory of Tours, French bishop and historian (d. 594)
- 1327 - Andrew, Duke of Calabria (d. 1345)
- 1340 - John, Duke of Berry, son of John II of France (d. 1416)
- 1427 - Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (d. 1492)
- 1466 - Andrea Doria, Genoese naval officer (d. 1560)
- 1498 - Andres de Urdaneta, Spanish friar, sail-captain and explorer (d. 1568)
- 1508 – Andrea Palladio, Italian architect (d. 1580)
- 1554 - Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier and writer (d. 1586)
- 1602 - Otto von Guericke, German politician, jurist, physicist and inventor (d. 1686)
- 1642 - Andrea Pozzo, Italian painter and architect (d. 1709)
- 1645 - Andreas Werckmeister, German organist, theorist and composer (d. 1706)
- 1667 – Jonathan Swift, Irish writer (d. 1745)
- 1670 - John Toland, Irish philosopher (d. 1722)
- 1719 - Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (d. 1772)
- 1723 - William Livingston, revolutionary Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)
- 1768 - Jedrzej Sniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
- 1781 - Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon, merchant and explorer (d. 1873)
- 1791 - Count Franz Philipp von Lamberg, Austrian soldier and statesman (d. 1848)
- 1796 - Carl Loewe, German composer (d. 1869)
1801 – 1900
- 1813 - Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (d. 1890)
- 1813 - Claude-Valentin Alkan, French composer (d. 1888)
- 1817 – Theodor Mommsen, German historian and writer (d. 1903)
- 1821 - Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1902)
- 1825 - William-Adolphe Bouguereau, French painter (d. 1905)
- 1835 – Mark Twain, American writer (d. 1910)
- 1836 - Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
- 1847 – Afonso Augusto Moreira, 6th President of Brazil (d. 1909)
- 1858 - Jagadish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)
- 1866 - Andrey Lyapchev, Bulgarian politician (d. 1933)
- 1869 - Gustaf Dalen, Swedish physicist (d. 1937)
- 1872 - John McCrae, Canadian poet (d. 1918)
- 1874 – Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
- 1874 - Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian writer (d. 1942)
- 1875 - Otto Strandman, 2nd Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1941)
- 1887 - Andrej Gosar, Slovenian-Yugoslavian politician, economist and theorist (d. 1970)
- 1887 - Beatrice Kerr, Australian swimmer, diver and aquatic performer (d. 1971)
- 1889 – Edgar Douglas Adrian, English doctor, won the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1977)
1901 – 1950
- 1904 - Clyfford Still, American painter (d. 1980)
- 1906 - John Dickson Carr, American author (d. 1977)
- 1907 - Jacques Barzun, French-American historian and author (d. 2012)
- 1909 - Robert Nighthawk, American musician (d. 1967)
- 1911 - Jorge Negrete, Mexican singer and actor (d. 1953)
- 1912 - Gordon Parks, American photographer, musician, writer and movie director (d. 2006)
- 1915 – Henry Taube, Canadian-American physicist (d. 2005)
- 1918 - Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., American actor (d. 2014)
- 1924 - Klaus Huber, Swiss composer
- 1924 - Shirley Chisholm, American politician (d. 2005)
- 1926 – Andrew W. Schally, Polish-Canadian Nobel Prize winner in medicine
- 1927 - Richard Crenna, American actor (d. 2003)
- 1928 - Takako Doi, Japanese scholar and politician (d. 2014)
- 1929 – Dick Clark, American entertainer (d. 2012)
- 1929 - Joan Ganz Cooney, American television presenter
- 1930 - G. Gordon Liddy, American Watergate scandal operative and talk show host
- 1931 - Bruce C. Murray, American geologist (d. 2013)
- 1936 - Dmitri Anosov, Russian mathematician
- 1936 - Abbie Hoffman, American political and social activist (d. 1989)
- 1937 – Tom Simpson, English cyclist (d. 1967)
- 1937 – Ridley Scott, English movie director
- 1937 - Frank Ifield, English-Australian singer
- 1943 - Terrence Malick, American movie producer
- 1944 - George Graham, Scottish footballer
- 1945 - Hilary Armstrong, English politician
- 1945 - Roger Glover, Welsh bassist (Deep Purple)
- 1945 - Radu Lupu, Romanian pianist
- 1947 - Stuart Baird, English movie editor, producer and director
- 1947 - David Mamet, American director and writer
- 1950 - Wolfgang Niersbach, German journalist and football official
1951 – 1975
- 1952 – Mandy Patinkin, American actor and musician
- 1952 - Keith Griffen, American comic book writer and artist
- 1953 - Shuggie Otis, American musician, composer and producer
- 1953 - June Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters) (d. 2006)
- 1954 - Simonetta Stefanelli, Italian actress
- 1954 - Lawrence Summers, American economist and academic
- 1955 – Billy Idol, English musician
- 1955 - Richard Burr, American politician
- 1955 - Andy Gray, Scottish footballer
- 1957 - Richard Barbieri, English keyboardist and composer
- 1957 - Patrick McLoughlin, English politician
- 1957 - Colin Mochrie, Scottish-Canadian actor and comedian
- 1957 - Margaret Spellings, American politician
- 1958 - Stacey Q, American singer, actress and dancer
- 1959 - Cherie Currie, American musician, singer, songwriter and actress
- 1959 – Lorraine Kelly, Scottish television presenter
- 1960 – Gary Lineker, English footballer
- 1960 - Bob Tewksbury, American baseball player
- 1961 - Innocent Egbunike, Nigerian sprinter and coach
- 1962 - Daniel Keys Moran, American computer programmer and author
- 1965 – Ben Stiller, American actor and comedian
- 1965 – Prince Akishino of Japan
- 1965 – Aldair, Brazilian footballer
- 1965 - David Laws, British politician
- 1966 - David Berkoff, American swimmer
- 1966 - John Bishop, English comedian
- 1966 - Mika Salo, Finnish racing driver
- 1973 – Kate Fischer, Australian model and actress
- 1974 - Sebastien Tellier, French singer
- 1975 – Ben Thatcher, English-Welsh footballer
- 1975 - Mindy McCready, American country music singer (d. 2013)
- 1976 - Josh Lewsey, English rugby player
- 1977 - Kozumi Saito, Japanese baseball player
- 1978 - Gael Garcia Bernal, Mexican actor
- 1982 - Jason Pominville, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1983 - David Carney, Australian footballer
- 1983 - Adrian Cristea, Romanian footballer
- 1984 – Alan Hutton, Scottish footballer
- 1984 – Nigel de Jong, Dutch footballer
- 1984 - Francisco Sandaza, Spanish footballer
- 1985 – Kaley Cuoco, American actress
- 1987 - Dougie Poynter, English singer and musician (McFly)
- 1987 - Ian Hecox, American comedian
- 1987 - Naomi, American dancer, model, singer and professional wrestler
- 1988 - Phillip Hughes, Australian cricketer (d. 2014)
- 1988 - Vitaly Polyanskyi, Ukrainian footballer
- 1989 - Vladimir Weiss, Slovakian footballer
- 1990 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess player
- 1993 - Yuri Chinen, Japanese actor and singer
Up to 1900
- 30 BC – Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt (b. 69 BC)
- 1016 – Edmund II, King of England (b. 989)
- 1580 - Richard Farrant, English composer and playwright (b. 1530)
- 1600 - Nanda Bayin, King of Burma (b. 1535)
- 1626 - Thomas Weelkes, English organist and composer (b. 1576)
- 1703 - Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer (b. 1672)
- 1705 – Catherine of Braganza, Queen-Consort of King Charles II of England and Scotland (b. 1638)
- 1718 – King Charles XII of Sweden (b. 1682)
- 1873 - Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon, merchant and explorer (b. 1781)
- 1892 - Dimitrios Valvis, 69th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1814)
- 1894 - Joseph E. Brown, American politician, Governor of Georgia (b. 1821)
- 1900 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (b. 1854)
1901 – 2000
- 1901 – Edward John Eyre, English explorer (b. 1815)
- 1908 - Nishinoumi Kajiro I, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1855)
- 1920 - Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian general (b. 1867)
- 1930 - Pannambalam Ramanathan, Ceylonese Tamil statesman (b. 1851)
- 1934 - Helene Boucher, French pilot (b. 1908)
- 1934 - Roy Turk, American songwriter (b. 1892)
- 1935 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet (b. 1888)
- 1938 - Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian leader of the far-right Iron Guard (b. 1898)
- 1939 - Bela Kun, Hungarian politician (b. 1886)
- 1944 - Paul Masson, French cyclist (b. 1876)
- 1947 - Ernst Lubitsch, German actor and director (b. 1892)
- 1953 - Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (b. 1879)
- 1954 - Wilhelm Furtwangler, German conductor (b. 1886)
- 1957 - Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (b. 1890)
- 1958 - Hubert Wilkins, Australian soldier, explorer and photographer (b. 1888)
- 1970 - Nina Ricci, Italian-French fashion designer (b. 1883)
- 1977 - Terence Rattigan, English playwright (b. 1911)
- 1979 - Zeppo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1901)
- 1989 - Alfred Herrhausen, German banker (b. 1930)
- 1989 - Ahmadou Ahidjo, 1st President of Cameroon (b. 1924)
- 1994 - Guy Debord, French theorist and author (b. 1931)
- 1994 - Lionel Stander, American actor (b. 1908)
- 1995 - Stretch, American rapper, producer and actor (b. 1968)
- 1996 – Tiny Tim, American entertainer (b. 1932)
- 1999 - Charlie Byrd, American guitarist (b. 1925)
- 2003 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)
- 2004 - Seung Sahn, South Korean spiritual leader (b. 1927)
- 2005 - Jean Parker, American actress (b. 1915)
- 2005 - Nora Denney, American actress (b. 1927)
- 2007 – Evel Knievel, American daredevil and stuntman (b. 1938)
- 2008 - Munetaka Higuchi, Japanese drummer and producer (b. 1958)
- 2009 - Milorad Pavic, Serbian writer (b. 1929)
- 2009 - Paul Naschy, Spanish actor, screenwriter and director (b. 1934)
- 2011 - Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, Albanian royal and pretender (b. 1939)
- 2011 - Zdenek Miler, Czech animator (b. 1921)
- 2012 - I. K. Gujral, Prime Minister of India (b. 1919)
- 2013 - Jean Kent, English actress (b. 1921)
- 2013 - Yury Yakovlev, Russian actor (b. 1928)
- 2013 - Paul Walker, American actor (b. 1973)
- 2014 - Go Seigen, Chinese-Japanese Go player (b. 1914)
- 2014 - Qayyum Chowdhury, Bangladeshi painter (b. 1932)
Holidays and observances
- Barbados – Independence Day (from Britain, 1966)
- Official end of the North Atlantic hurricane season
- Saint Andrew's Day - Christian apostle, and patron saint (several countries including Scotland and Barbados)
- Cities for Life Day
- National Day (Benin)
- Regina Mundi Day (South Africa)